Mindfulness is a state of active, open attention on the present, which can be developed through the practice of meditation and other training. Those working with mindfulness practice moment-to-moment awareness of thoughts, feelings, bodily sensations, and surrounding environment.The term “mindfulness” is a translation of the Pali term sati. In Buddhist teachings, mindfulness is used to develop self-knowledge and wisdom that gradually lead to what is described as enlightenment or the complete freedom from suffering.
Large population-based research studies have indicated that the practice of mindfulness is strongly correlated with greater well-being and health. Studies have also shown that rumination and worry contribute to mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety, and that mindfulness-based interventions are effective in the reduction of both rumination and worry.